Water Quality

Water quality is of the utmost importance as water is essential to human survival. Despite the advances of the 20th century, 25% of the world’s population still lacks access to clean, uncontaminated water. Even though most of the world has access to clean water, there are still many sources of contamination, such as:

  • Animal Waste
  • Bird Waste
  • Harmful Algae Blooms (HAB)
  • Chemical Reactions (such as the formation of Bromate)

The Saturn Disc floating water cover prevents the following:

  • Evaporation – The Saturn Disc floating water cover Reduces evaporation by 95%. This results in substantial energy conservation and augmented energy efficiency.Logic: The Saturn Disc floating water cover reduces evaporation by 95%, thus meaning that much treated water will be conserved. This means that the facility will not need to compensate for the loss in supply to meet demand requirements.
  • Contaminant and pathogen propagation – By deterring birds & wildlife, the spread of pathogens such as Cryptosporitium are diminished. Birds are known to transmit H5N1, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, Giardia lamblia, Microsporidia, Salmonella, Campylobacter & Mycobacterium spp. Birds are deterred by the matte black light-absorbing color. Also, since view of the water is obstructed, animals do not have access and therefore, contamination through feces and saliva is avoided, resulting in cleaner, purer water.
  • Algal Blooms – Autotrophic micro-algae are prevented from blooming as they rely on photosynthesis which is prevented by obscuring the sunlight. There are over 300 species of blooming algae, 25% of which are toxic and are a substantial threat to water safely. An example of a harmful algal bloom is Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green Algae)
  • Chemical Reactions – Chemical reactions that are contingent on sunlight are prevented due to the concealment of the sunlight. An example of a chemical reaction is when naturally occurring Bromide is combined with Chlorine (added during the treatment process) which react after exposure to sunlight to produce Bromate, a known carcinogen.

Water Systems Statistics

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Energy Conservation

Energy is the number one cost for drinking water and wastewater systems. It accounts for up to 40% of a facility’s operating cost. This is expected to increase 20% in the next 15 years.

Did you know…
On average it takes 2 gallons of water to produce 1 KW

How does it save electricity?

The Saturn Disc floating water cover saves electricity by:

  1. Reducing evaporation by 95%, thus meaning that much treated water will be saved. This means that the facility will not have to compensate for the loss in supply.
  2. Due to a much lower rate of evaporation, efficiency is maximized, whereby reducing waste. 

“Water is needed to generate energy. Energy is needed to deliver water. Both resources are limiting the other—and both may be running short.”

—Michael Webber, Scientific American, October 2008

Inhibiting the Growth of Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB)

Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB) represent a substantial threat to water safety which, in some cases, necessitated the drainage of the entire tanks or lagoon.

There are about 300 algal species that bloom, 25% of which are toxic. An example of a harmful algal bloom is Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green Algae).

Nearly all harmful algae blooms are autotrophic which means that they rely on photosynthesis to survive. By covering the surface of the water surface, the algae dies. 


  • By decreasing evaporation, the Saturn Disc Reservoir Cover reduces the amount of evaporation by 95% which saves over 2,500 units per acre/per year. (unit=748.5 Gallons).
  • By inhibiting the growth of autotrophic algae, and preventing the formation of Bromate, the Saturn Disc Reservoir Cover prevents water systems from having to drain their reservoirs or invest in treatments such as adding Copper to combat algae.
  • The Saturn Disc Reservoir Cover is fully RECYCLABLE and REUSABLE! Depending on the condition of the floats, they can be 100% recycled. They can also be used in short-term applications since the floats are easily removable and transportable.
  • By preventing the escape of gases, the Saturn Disc Reservoir Cover helps build a GREENER, more sustainable tomorrow.

The Saturn Disc Floating Water Cover

Modular floating water cover

Energy Efficiency

Delivering water and wastewater services is also an energy-intensive effort, as the water is treated, pumped to our homes and businesses, then pumped to wastewater facilities to be treated again. EPA estimates 3-4 percent of national electricity consumption, equivalent to approximately 56 billion kilowatts (kW), or $4 billion, is used in providing drinking water and wastewater services each year. Water and wastewater utilities are typically the largest consumers of energy in municipalities, often accounting for 30-40 percent of total energy consumed. Pursuing energy efficiency at our water sector systems can significantly reduce operating costs, while mitigating the effects of climate change.
Water and Energy Efficiency at Utilities
If water and wastewater utilities could reduce energy use by just 10 percent through demand management strategies and cost-effective investments in energy efficiency, collectively, it would save about $400 million annually. EPA has collected a wealth of tools and information to help water sector utilities manage water for optimum water and energy efficiency.

Source: EPA 

Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB)

Algae are vitally important to marine and fresh-water ecosystems, and most species of algae are not harmful. Algal blooms occur in natural waters used for drinking and/or recreation when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, often in response to changes in levels of chemicals such as nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizer, in the water. Algal blooms can deplete the oxygen and block the sunlight that other organisms need to live, and some can produce toxins that are harmful to the health of the environment, plants, animals, and people. Harmful algal blooms have threatened beaches, drinking water sources, and even the boating venue for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, China. Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and red tides are examples of algae that can bloom and produce toxins that may be harmful to human and animal health. HABs can occur in marine, estuarine, and fresh waters, and HABs appear to be increasing along the coastlines and in the surface waters of the United States, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). HSB epidemiologists have led a number of studies to investigate the public health impacts of blue-green algae blooms and Florida red tide. The studies have demonstrated that there is the potential for exposure to potent HAB-related toxins during recreational and occupational activities on water bodies with ongoing blooms.

Source: Centers For Disease Control & Prevention 

Unique Benefits for Water Treatment Systems

  • Prevents fluid loss due to evaporation
  • Improves water quality by eliminating contamination
  • Reduces the need for chemicals/treatment
  • Prevents pollution and contamination
  • Prevents algae bloom due to blocked sunlight
  • Reduces odors

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